The United Nations has no direct role in the grant-assistance program, but it does provide funding to countries that are unable to maintain their current levels of spending. These countries may be using the money to strengthen their education systems and modernize the country’s infrastructure.
The United States is among these “federalist” countries. Its primary focus in funding education is on early childhood education, and its programs are aimed at making sure this happens. For instance, the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) funds programs in Kenya to improve the quality of early childhood education, and USAID’s partner agencies in Ghana and Morocco work with teachers there to improve student learning outcomes.
To learn more about the U.S. role in grant-assistance efforts, read “What the United States’ Grant Program Funds.”
Who funds private, voluntary, or military-supported programs?
The world federation of non-governmental organizations, known as the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development, or OECD, does not fund programs directly for the United States. However, the World Bank, the IMF, the World Health Organization’s (WHO) Development Assistance Division, and other countries with their own aid ministries fund the assistance of private non-government organizations, which then transfer the funds to the U.S. Agency for International Development. The rest, usually made up of money that the U.S. Congress has appropriated for specific programs, goes to private NGOs for specific projects.
For more, see “Who Funds Non-Governmental Organizations.”
What are the benefits from funding aid for developing nations?
The United States is an important player in the development of several fields of research and development, including nutrition, agriculture, and forestry. And it has helped build a solid foundation for countries to work together at a worldwide level. For instance, the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) and United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) are the world’s two primary contributors to the Global Crop Trust Fund, a $2 billion program launched in March 2011. This program provides food assistance to households to help ensure they maintain nutrition in the context of a developing world where hunger is on the rise.
But if you ask many experts, the United States still ranks near the bottom of many development indicators. Its share of world GDP has dropped from around 50 percent over the past four decades to around 10 percent today, though it remains in a relatively healthy position compared with other nations in
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